Welcome to Magento tutorial for beginners, as we know, When installing Magento, we often have so many questions because we miss some steps or the author don’t give you all the steps to have a easy installation. Today, I will give you a visual installation process of How to install Magento on Local host – XAMPP – A very popular and powerful but also very light local host .
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Summary of tutorial:
- Before the installtion
- Step 1:Download and install XAMPP
- Step 2: Change your host file
- Step 3: Create a MySQL database using PhPadmin
- Step 4: Install Magento on Local host XAMPP
BEFORE THE INSTALLATION
Before we jump into action, it’s good to have a closer look at Magento’s requirements.What do you need to run it?
Simply put, all up-to-date requirements for Magento can be found here:
But maybe that’s a bit overwhelming if you are just a beginner. So let’s break this up into the most essential stuff:
|Operating system: Linux||Magento runs best on Linux, as offered by most hosting companies. Don’t worry about your local test environment as that will run on Windows or Mac as well. But for your live store you should go in for a Linux solution because if you decide to run it on anything else other than Linux for a live store, it will not be supported.|
|Web server: Apache||Magento runs on Versions 1.3.x, 2.0.x, and 2.2.x of this very popular web server. As of Version 1.7 of Magento community and Version 1.12 of Magento Enterprise there’s a new web server called Nginx that is compatible as well.|
|Programming language: PHP||Magento has been developed using PHP, a programming language which is very popular. Many major open source solutions such as WordPress and Joomla! for instance, have been built using PHP. Use Versions 5.2.13 – 5.3.15. Do not use PHP4 anymore, nor use PHP 5.4 yet!|
|PHP extensions||Magento requires a number of extensions, which should be available on top of PHP itself. You will need: PDO_MySQL, mcrypt, hash, simplexml, GD, DOM, Iconv, and Curl. Besides that you also need to have the possibility to switch off ”safe mode”. You do not have a clue about all of this? Don’t worry. A host offering Magento services already takes care of this. And for your local environment there are only a few additional steps to take. We’ll get there in a minute.|
|Database: MySQL||MySQL is the database, where Magento will store all data for your store. Use Version 4.1.20 or (and preferably) newer.|
Hosting for Magento have to be stronger than wordpress and joomla: As you can see, even in a simplified format, there are quite some things that need to be taken care of. Magento hosting is not as simple as hosting for a small WordPress or Joomla! website, currently the most popular open source solutions to create a regular site. The requirements are higher and you just cannot expect to host your store for only a couple of dollars per month. If you do, your online store may still work, but it is likely that you’ll run into some performance issues. Be careful with the cheapest hosting solutions. Although Magento may work, you’ll be consuming too that need server resources soon. Go for a dedicated server or a managed VPS (Virtual Private Server), but definitely for a host that is advertising support of Magento.
STEP 1: DOWNLOAD AND INSTALL XAMPP
You need a web server, so that you can run your website locally, on your own machine.
On Windows machines, XAMPP is an easy to use all-in-one solution. Download the installer version via: http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp-windows.html
XAMPP is also available for Mac and Linux. The download screen is as follows:
Once downloaded, run the executable code to start the installation process
You might receive some security warnings that you have to accept, especially when you’re using Windows Vista, 7 or 8,like in the following example:
Because of this it’s best to install XAMPP directly in the root of your hard drive, c:\xampp in most cases. Once you click on OK, you will see the following screen, which shows the progress of installation:
Once the installation has finished, the software asks if you’d like to start the Control Panel. If you do so, you’ll see a number of services that have not been started yet. The minimum that you should start by clicking the Start button are Apache, the web server and MySQL, the database server.
Now you’re running your own web server on your local computer. Be aware that generally this web server will not be accessible for the outside world. It’s running on your local machine, just for testing purposes. Before doing the next step, please verify if your web server is actually running. You can do so by using your browser and going to http://localhost or http://127.0.0.1 If all went well you should see something similar to the following:
No result? If you’re on a Windows computer, please first reboot your machine. Next, check using the XAMPP control panel if the Apache service is running. If it isn’t, try to start it and pay attention to the error messages that appear. Need more help? Start with the help available on XAMPP’s website at:
STEP 2: CHANGE YOUR WINDOWS HOST FILE
Change the following Windows file: C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts.
Make sure to open your editor using administrator rights, otherwise you will not be
able to save your changes. Add the following line to the host file:
This is needed because Magento will not work correctly on a localhost without this setting. You may use a different name, but the general rule is that at least one dot must be used in the local domain name. The following screenshot gives an example of a possible host file. Please note that every host file will look a bit different. Also, your security software or Windows security settings may prevent you from making changes to this file, so please make sure you have the appropriate rights to change and save its contents:
Recommend the free Notepad++ for Windows users, which is even available in lots of different languages: Download: http://notepad-plus-plus.org
STEP 3: CREATE A MYSQL DATABASE USING PHPMYADMIN
Download the Magento installation package
Head over to http://www.magentocommerce.com/download and download the package you need. For a Windows user almost always the full ZIP package is the most convenient one. In our situation Version 22.214.171.124 is the latest one, but please be aware that this will certainly change over time when newer versions are released. You will need to create a (free) account to download the software. This account will also be helpful later on. It will give you access to the Magento support forums, so make sure to store your login details somewhere.
If you’re a beginner then it is handy to have some sample data in your store. Magento offers a download package containing sample data on the same page, so download that as well. Note that for a production environment you would never install the sample data, but for a test system like the local installation we’re doing here, it might be a good idea to use it. The sample data will create a few items and customers in your store, which will make the learning process easier.
Unzip the downloaded Magento package and put all files in a sub folder of your XAMPP installation. This could for instance be c:\xampp\htdocs\magento.
Now, go to www.localhost.com/magento to check if the installation screen of Magento is visible, as shown in the following screenshot. But do not yet start the installation process!
Before you start the installation, first create a MySQL database. To do this, use a second browser tab and navigate to localhost | phpMyAdmin. By default the user is root, and so without a password you should be able to continue without logging in. Click on Databases and create a database with a name of your choice. Write it down, as you will need it during the Magento installation. After creating the database you may close the browser tab.
STEP 4: INSTALL MAGENTO ON LOCAL HOST XAMP
It’s finally time to start the installation process now. Go back to the installation screen of Magento, accept the license agreement and click on Continue.
Next, set your country, Time Zone and Default Currency. If you’re working with multiple currencies that will be addressed later on:
The next screen is actually the most important one of the installation process and this is where most beginners go wrong because they do not know what values to use. Using XAMPP this is an easy task, however, fill in your Database Name, User Name (root) and do not forget to check the Skip Base URL Validation Before the Next Step box, otherwise your installation might fail:
In this same form there are some fields that you can use to immediately improve the security level of your Magento setup. On a local test environment that isn’t necessary, so we’ll pay attention to those settings later on when we’ll discuss installing Magento at a hosting provider. Please note that the Use Secure URLs option should remain unchecked for a local installation like we’re doing here.
In the last step, yes, really! Just fill out your personal data and chose a username and password. Also in here, since you’re working locally you do not have to create a complicated, unique password now. But you know what we mean, right? Doing a live installation at a hosting provider requires a good, strong password! You do not have to fill the Encryption Key field, Magento will do that for you:
In the final screen please just make a note of the Encryption Key value that was generated. You might need it in the future whenever upgrading your Magento store to a newer software version:
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